一、何謂音樂治療?
音樂治療師透過有系統的音樂性介入,促進或改善個案的肢體、認知、語言、社交、情緒等能力。參
與音樂治療的個案,不需要擁有任何音樂技能。因此,任何人均適合接受不同層面的音樂治療。
音樂治療強調:
治療師與個案之間的音樂性互動
個別化的治療計劃
全人健康
跨專業合作
    音樂治療是一種安全、非侵入性的療法。音樂能提供一個安全、輕鬆的環境,可讓個案透過音樂性互動,發揮創意,激發潛能。
二、音樂治療的對象    
任何有特殊需要人士,包括早產嬰兒、兒童、青少年、成人及長者。舉例說,患有發展遲緩、自閉症、
學習障礙、情緒障礙等的兒童,皆適合接受音樂治療,無須具有任何音樂能力。
三、音樂治療的形式        
音樂治療師針對個案的需求,訂定有系統的治療方案,設計合乎個案能力之音樂活動,並於每次治療後
作評估。音樂活動包括唱歌、即興樂器彈奏、音樂律動、創作歌曲、音樂遊戲、聆聽音樂、音樂與肢體放鬆、
音樂故事等等。
    特殊兒童的音樂治療形式分為個別治療及小組治療,治療時間亦由半小時到一小時不等,根據個案的進度情
況,持續參與短期或長期的音樂治療。
四、為甚麼學生需要音樂治療?            
目前,音樂治療在本澳尚未普遍,然而音樂治療對特殊兒童的益處,在國際間已具有深厚的學術研究支
持,以下舉例音樂治療對特殊兒童的好處:
(1) 音樂治療能促進及改善其:
認知能力:如專注力、解決問題技巧;
肢體能力:如肢體協調,肌力等,亦與職能治療師合作。
語言能力:如溝通、發音、識字、呼吸等,亦與語言治療師合作。
社交能力:如眼神接觸、與人互動、輪流、團體合作等。
情緒管理能力:如正確地抒發情緒、表達自己等。
(2) 音樂能提供架構(Structure),幫助提升個案參與治療及課堂的動力。
(3) 音樂是非語言的表達,能跳過個案的語言障礙,達到有意義的溝通。
(4) 音樂提供一個輕鬆無壓力、創造性的環境,個案能從音樂活動中得到正面改變。
           
蘇詠恩小姐為澳門認可的音樂治療師之一,如有需要可與蘇小姐聯絡:
蘇詠恩Carol Sou (RMT,MMT,BM)
E-mail: carolsou315@gmail.com

          



 1. What is music therapy?

 

Music therapist introduces systematic Music to promote or improve a person’s physical, cognitive , language ,social and emotional ability. The one who participates in the music therapy does not need to have any music skills.  Therefore, all human beings are suitable for the different aspects of music therapy.
Music therapy emphasizes:
(1) the musical interaction between the therapist and the case
(2) individualized treatment plan
(3) holistic health
(4) multi-disciplinary cooperation
Music  therapy is a safe, non-invasive therapy.  Music can provide a safe and relax environment that  allows thepatient to build up their creativity and inspired their potential through music interaction.


 2. Population for music therapy

 

All human beings with special needs including premature babies, children, adolescents, adults and elderly are suitable for music therapy.  For example, children  with developmental delay , autism, learning disabilities, emotional disorders are the target of music therapy.  However, they do not need to have any musical ability.

 3. Methods of music therapy

 

The music therapist sets  the system's  treatment for the individual case accordingto their particular  needs.

After  the determination  of  compatible  ability of each case is defined by using the music activities, an assessment will be carried out after  each therapy.  Musical  activities include singing,playing improvised music or musical rhythm, composing music, music games, listening to music, music and physical relaxation, musical stories and so on.
The therapy to the children with special needs will be divided into individual therapy  and  group therapy . The treatment period lasts for half an hour to an hour.  According to the progress of the case, patient may need  to take part in short-term or long-term music therapy.

 4. Why do students need music therapy?

 

At present, music therapy is not yet widespread in Macao. However, the benefits of music therapy for children with special needs have a solid academic research support in the international community. The following example shows the benefits of music therapy for the children with special needs:


(1)  Music therapy can promote and improve:

 Cognitive abilities:   such as concentration, problem-solving skills;
Physical ability:       such as limb coordination, strength, etc. It also cooperates with the occupational therapist.
Language skills:         such as communication, pronunciation, literacy, breathing, etc. It also cooperates with the speech therapist.
Social skills:           such as eye contact, social interaction, take turns, group cooperation.
Emotional management ability: such as the right to express emotions, to express themselves. 


(2) Music can provide a structure to help the case to enhance their motivation to participate in    the treatment and lesson.


(3) Music is a non-verbal expression. It can skip the case of language barriers to achieve meaningful communication.


(4) Music provides a relaxing, stress-free and creative environment so that the case can get a positive change from the music activities.

Music Therapist:Carol Sou (The RMT, MMT, BM)
E-mail: carolsou315@gmail.com

 

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